1. Alpha-Lactalbumin
2.Beta-Lactoglobulin
3. Lactoperoxidase (LP)
4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)
5. Lactoferrin (LF)


Mene ne furotin

Ana samun furotin a jiki - a jiki, kashi, fata, gashi, da kusan duk sauran sassan jikin mutum ko kuma tsoka. Ya kera enzymes masu karfi da yawa da suka amsa sunadarai da haemoglobin dake dauke da iskar oxygen a cikin jininka. Akalla sunadarai 10,000 daban suka zama abin da kai kuma su kiyaye ka ta hakan.

Protein yana samarda kuzari da goyan bayan halinka da aikin fahimtarka. Abinci mai mahimmanci ne wanda ake buƙata don ginawa, riƙewa, da gyara kyallen takarda, sel, da gabobin jiki baki ɗaya.

Menene Abin Komawa?

Abincin furotin sune tushen abubuwan gina jiki daga abincin dabbobi ko shuka, kamar su kiwo, ƙwai, shinkafa ko Peas. Abubuwan gina jiki sunadarai suna fitowa daga tushe iri-iri kuma ana samun su da sifofin da yawa. Mutane suna amfani dasu don haɓaka ƙwayar tsoka, haɓaka tsarin jiki gaba ɗaya kuma taimaka biyan bukatun furotin.

Amma Wanne nau'in furotin foda ne Mafi kyau?

Akwai da yawa daban-daban nau'ikan zaɓin foda na furotin a waje, yana iya jin rinjaye a wasu lokuta. Anan ƙasa sune 5 mafi kyawun tushen furotin foda.

1.Alpha-LactalbuminPhcoker

Alfa-lactalbumin wani sinadari ne na whey na halitta wanda yake da matukar tasirin gaske na dukkan mahimmancin sarkar amino acid (BCAA), mai keɓaɓɓiyar asalin furotin. Mafi mahimmancin amino acid a cikin alpha-lactalbumin sune tryptophan da cysteine, tare da BCAAs; leucine, isoleucine da valine.

Sakamakon babban abun ciki na amino acid (BCAA, ~ 26%), musamman leucine, alpha-lactalbumin yana tallafawa sosai kuma yana haɓaka haɗarin furotin na tsoka, yana sanya shi asalin tushen furotin don inganta lafiyar tsoka da taimakawa hana sarcopenia yayin tsufa.

2.Beta-LactoglobulinPhcoker

Beta-Lactoglobulin (ß-lactoglobulin, BLG) shine babban furotin na whey a cikin madara mai fatara kuma shima yana cikin madara sauran dabbobi, amma ba'a sameshi a cikin madarar ɗan adam. Beta-lactoglobulin shine furotin na lipocalin, kuma yana iya ɗaukar kwayoyin hydrophobic da yawa, suna ba da shawara ga rawar sufuri. Har ila yau, an nuna β-lactoglobulin zai iya ɗaure baƙin ƙarfe ta hanyar cincin ruwa don haka yana iya kasancewa yana da rawar da yakamata wajen yaƙar ƙwayoyin cuta. β-Lactoglobulin yana samar da halaye iri daban-daban na aiki da abinci wanda ya sanya wannan furotin ya zama kayan abinci mai wadatar abinci da yawa da aikace-aikacen sunadarai.

3.Lactoperoxidase (LP)Phcoker

Lactoperoxidase wani enzyme ne na halitta wanda aka samo a cikin madara mafi yawan dabbobi masu shayarwa, da sauran magudanan ruwa kamar su hawaye da yau. Yana aiki a matsayin mai kara kuzari, oxidizing ionioioyan ion a gaban hydrogen peroxide zuwa hypothiocyanous acid. A acid dissociates a cikin madara da hypothiocyanate ion amsa tare da kungiyoyin suphydryl don hana enzymes na rayuwa kwayoyin. Wannan yana hana ƙwayoyin cuta yin yawa kuma yana iya haɓaka ƙimar madara mai inganci.

Lactoperoxidase an san cewa suna da antimicrobial da antioxidant Properties. Dangane da bincike da aka buga a cikin Journal of Applied Microbiology, yana da kaddarorin ƙwayoyin cuta waɗanda suke taimakawa fata kuma suna iya kawar da ƙwayoyin cuta masu haifar da ƙwayoyin cuta. Lactoperoxidase shima muhimmin sashi ne a hade hade da kayan abinci da ake amfani dashi don hana ciwukan daji, fungi, ƙwayoyin cuta da ƙwayoyin cuta daga haɓaka kayan kwalliya da sauran kayayyakin kyau.

Lactoperoxidase shine glycoprotein tare da aikin anti-microbial, ana amfani dashi azaman mai ƙarfi don taimakawa inganta ingantaccen tsari da rayuwar kayan aiki.

4.Immunoglobulin G (IgG)Phcoker

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) shine mafi yawan kwayoyin cuta a cikin jini (plasma), wanda yakai kashi 70-75% na immunoglobulins na jikin mutum (rigakafi). IgG ya kawar da abubuwa masu cutarwa kuma yana da mahimmanci a cikin gane ƙwayoyin rigakafin ƙwayoyin cuta ta hanyar leukocytes da macrophages. IgG ya koma cikin tayi ta cikin mahaifa kuma yana kare jariri har sai lokacin da tsarinta na rigakafi ya fara aiki.

Immunoglobulin na iya ɗaurawa microorganisms na kwayoyin cuta da gubobi don samar da rigakafi, waɗanda zasu iya inganta tsarin garkuwar jiki.

5.Lactoferrin(LF)Phcoker

Lactoferrin shine furotin da aka samo asali ta madara daga mutane da shanu. Hakanan ana samun shi a cikin wasu ruwayoyi daban-daban a jikin mutum kamar su, amai, gamsai, da bile. Ana samun Lactoferrin mai yawa a cikin colostrum, nau'in farko na madara nono wanda aka samar bayan an haifi jariri. Manyan ayyukan Lactoferrin a cikin jiki sun hada da dauri da kuma jigilar baƙin ƙarfe. Hakanan yana taimakawa wajen yakar cututtuka.

Lactoferrin yana da mahimmanci ga karuwar ayyukan rigakafi ga jarirai masu shayarwa. Yana bayarda magungunan kashe qwari da tallafawa garkuwar jiki ga jarirai. LF wani bangare ne na tsarin rigakafi da ke da alhakin kare kai a matakin mucosal, saboda babban aikinsa na rigakafi.

Lactoferrin da lactoferrin kari an yi nazari sosai. Wasu mutane suna ɗaukar abincin lactoferrin don samun fa'idodin antioxidant da anti-mai kumburi.

A cikin aikin gona na masana'antu, ana amfani da foda lactoferrin don kashe ƙwayoyin cuta yayin sarrafa nama.

reference:

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